Classical Turkish Music

Classical Turkish music or Turkish art music, a Turkish music genre. Classical Turkish Music, Classical Western Music and Indian Music is one of the few classical music present in terms of creating continuity and tradition in the world.

Classical Turkish music can be divided into six periods: the period of formation, the period of transformation, the classical period, the last classical period, the romantic period and the contemporary period. The period from Farabi, who lived in the 10th century, to 1405, in which Timurlenk died, encompasses the period of formation in which the Turkish music was explained with its theoretical (theoretical) aspects and began to be transcribed. Towards the end of this period, a very famous master, Abdulkadir Meragi, threw the seeds of the next universe, gave a new direction to Turkish music. Following this, until the beginning of the 16th century; As has been explained, a number of deliberate changes have been made on the sound curtains and the authorities of Turkish music. During this period, the Mevlânihes were built on the Diyar-ı Rum and the Balkans, Istanbul was conquered and the Enderun palace school was established among the ruins of the Byzantine Empire. a period of transformation in which his men were attracted to Istanbul, and also a kind of Renaissance. Classical Turkish music; As a product of Central Asia, Seljuk and especially Ottoman civilization, it influenced the music of many nations and melted their music in their own pot. As a result, classical music has become a rich music genre both in terms of number and conception, as well as forms and procedures. After this, IV. Murat's death until the year of 1640, thanks to the east of the Ottoman palace, music and art people brought from the Middle East has been a period of activity. Itriiştirden (1640-1712) 1730 up to the time period, the European Baroque and Rococo effects to penetrate the Ottoman palace, his time with the Eastern culture of the classical period has formed a period of synthesis. The period from 1730 until the death of İsmail Dede Efendi in 1846 is called the last classical period. The period which lasted until the end of the World War II in 1945, is also referred to as the romantic period.

Turkish Art Music and Classical Turkish music are close concepts. "Classical Turkish music" represents historical understanding and tradition, while the concept of "art music" borrowed from Western music terminology refers to a modern form that this music takes in the Republican period. The period from the mid-20th century to the present is the contemporary period. One of the most important representatives of this period is Münir Nurettin Selçuk. In this period, while forms such as profit, composition, heavy and walking were in the background, short-term, short-buzzed and moving song and fantasy forms suitable for modern music understanding became dominant in Turkish Art Music. As a result of this understanding of Western music as a model, chorus and concert applications such as has gained popularity; Western instruments such as violin, piano and clarinet were also included in the band. One of the elements that support this modern understanding is that the classical tradition, the most important transfer and understanding tool in classical music, is interrupted. The process of learning the music, which is valid in all the classical arts and that the student has "passed from the hand" to a great extent, has ended with the modern understanding and the chorus and the associations that are taught on the note. Instead of classical music, based on Sufi philosophy, and thus transcendence and contemporaneity, it has settled into an entertainment-oriented concept of music. Nevertheless, those who maintain classical music and produce new works are not. Composers such as Fehmi Tokay, Zeki Arif Ergin and Ahmet Avni Konuk, who continued their classical style and understanding during the modernization period claimed to have started with Hacı Arif Bey also took part. Today, the young composers of this understanding are producing works. Turkish art music was the main choice of entertainment venues such as public radio and television as well as casinos, so it could reach the masses commercially. Important composers of this universe include Sadettin Kaynak, Bimen Sen, Refik Fersan, Yesari Asim Arsoy and Avni Anil. There are also some more popular composers of Turkish art music, which are known as olarak market music Türk besides these composers. Examples include Yusuf Nalkesen, Shekip Ayhan Ozisik and Teoman Alpay. Today's TRT repertoire includes nearly 19,000 Turkish music.

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