Falkland Islands (English: Falkland Islands, Spanish: Islas Malvinas [mal ]βinas]) Archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean, 480 km east of Patagonia. The archipelago, which has an area of ​​approximately 12,000 km², consists of East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 small islands. The Falkland Islands, one of the British Overseas Territories, are free to operate in their home affairs and to the United Kingdom for foreign affairs and defense. Stanley is the capital of the islands in East Falkland. The United Kingdom declared its sovereignty in 1833, despite Argentina's demands on the islands. The discovery and subsequent colonization of the Falklands is a highly controversial period for Europeans. In various periods, the islands have been the scene of French, Britan, Spanish and Argentine settlements. Although the Argentine forces invaded the islands in April 1982, two months later, the Falklands war reestablished the Kingdom sovereignty. Apart from military personnel, most of the population of islands with 2932 inhabitants is Falkland Islanders of British origin. Other important ethnic groups are the French, the Gibraltar and the Scandinavians. Decrease in population is prevented as a result of migrants from the United Kingdom, Saint Helena and Chile. The people of the islands where the official and most spoken language is English is the UK citizen as a result of the 1983 British Citizenship Act. On the islands where the antarctic oceanic and tundra climates meet, there are mountain chains reaching 700 meters. Islands brought from other regions of the island settled as a result of the competition as a result of the competition, but the island is a large population of birds is seen in the reduction. The most important economic activities of the islands are fishing, tourism, sheep farms and high quality wool export. Oil exploration activities licensed by the Falkland Islands Government are controversial as a result of the continental shelf problem with Argentina.

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