Persian (Persian: الlarوارزمي) or Abu Ca'fer Muhammad bin Mosha al-Hârizmî (d. 780, Harezm - ö. 850, Baghdad), Persian scientist who worked in mathematics, astronomy, geography and algorithm. He was born in 780 in the Hive city of Harezm. He died in 850 in Baghdad. Latin translations of his work on Indian numerals introduced the decimal positional number system to the western world in the 12th century. Al-Harezmü's Book of Complementation and Balancing has presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. Since Harezmi was the first person to teach algebra as an independent discipline and to introduce methods of ya reduction br and mi balancing sad (simplification of similar terms on different sides of the equation), Harezmi was defined as the ancestor or founder of algebra. His work in the field of algebra was used as a basic mathematics textbook in European universities until the 16th century. He edited Ptolemy's ında Geography onom and conducted studies in astronomy and astrology. Some words reflect the importance of al-Khwarezmi's contributions to mathematics. The word iştir algebra ”derives from al-algebra, one of the two processes used to solve quadratic equations. The word de Algorithm (comes from the Latin form of its name Algorithm. The name imes guarismo Latin (gelmek Spanish Latin) and olan Portuguese biçim (biçim Portuguese imes) is the origin of the word Latin algarismo Alg.

There is only a small number of known facts about Al-Khwarezmi's life. He was born in Harezm city of Horasan (modern Hive, Harezm region, Uzbekistan) in an Iranian family. Although he was born in 780 in some sources, this is not certain. Muhammad ibn al-Tabari gives him his name as Muطammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi al-Majusi al-Kububali (محمد بن موسtub ال -iḥiariari). On the other hand, his name was referred to as Kurtuluş (Qatrabbul), a viniculture site in Baghdad. However, Rashed argues that there is no need to become an expert philologist in order to be able to read the second quote of Tabari: olm Muhammad ibn M dönemsa al-Khwārizm "and al-Majrsi al-Qutrubbulli. Ī al-Khwārizm ileri bir and Ancak al-Maj kullanılsi al-Qutrubbulli'n, kullanıl wa birleşme ((Arapça ”in Arabic), which means uk and”, means that they are two separate persons. Toomer writes about al-Khwarizmi's religious view: ari al-Maj :s başka başka, another adjective given to him by Al-Tabari, points to his affiliation with the ancient Zoroastrian religion. he is actually a Sunni Muslim because of his pious preface written in Harezmi's Algebra. Ibn al-Nedezmeris Kitāb al-Fihrist contains a list of his works with a brief biography of Khwarizmi. Al-Harezmi carried out most of his work between 813 and 833. After the conquest of Iran by the Muslims, Baghdad became the center of scientific studies and trade and as a Harezmi, many merchants and scientists traveled to Baghdad. Khwarezmi worked as a scientist in the House of Wisdom built by the Caliph al-Ma'mun in Baghdad, in science and mathematics, including translation of Greek and Sanskrit scientific manuscripts. Douglas Morton Dunlop believes that Khwarezmi may be the same person as Mu olanammad ibn Mûsā ibn Shākir, who is actually the eldest of the three Bann Mûsā. Harezmi, who received basic education in Khwarezm in Horasan region, learns the existence of advanced science atmosphere in Baghdad in the first years of his youth. Harezmi who is interested in scientific issues comes to Baghdad and settles in order to realize the ideal of working on these issues. When the Abbasid caliph of the Abbasid caliph, known for his patronage, became aware of his knowledge of Khartoum, he was entrusted by him in the administration of the Baghdad Palace Library enriched with works of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greek and Indian civilizations.


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