Mythology of Mesopotamia (Ancient Mesopotamian religion in English) contained the anthropomorphic gods and goddesses representing the power, objects and entities in the religious universe of the Sumerians. According to the belief of the Sumerians, humans were originally created by the gods as servants, slaves, but later liberated. Although the Mesopotamian religion was nearly destroyed around 400 BC, many of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Mandaism in the modern world have had influences on the basis of being the mythology of Mesopotamia as the main source of many Torah stories. In particular, the mythology of creation, the garden of Aden, the deluge, the Babylonian tower, the Nemrut and Lilith figures form the clearest examples on this subject. (See Gilgamesh epic) The gods and goddesses of Sumerian origin were later adopted by the Mesopotamian religions. Undoubtedly, this has not only taken place in religious and mythological terms; The Sumerian culture and life style were adopted by the Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonians who later came to power, just like religion and mythology. There are also some similarities in the religion and mythology of different cultures: Greek mythology and Anatolian mythology. Although Mesopotamian mythology was based on Sumerian, Mesopotamia was influenced by the belief and culture of many different peoples by the continuous and intense migration.

Since the first settlements in Mesopotamia, city-culture has been of great importance. Mostly, the temple of an important god would be in a city, and that city would be the main center of worship. The most prominent among these cities was Nippur, for he was the god of the main temple in Nippur, Enlil, who was worshiped as the chief god of Mesopotamia throughout different dynasties except the early period. The cities and the temples they have can be mentioned as follows:

An, God of heaven. He was the chief god in the early period, and later he was worshiped as the chief god of the Enlil. The Pan, which can be described as Pan-Mesopotamian, was worshiped throughout Mesopotamia and every period. In the city of Uruk, there was the E'anna temple.
Enlil, the god of weather and storms. Enlil, one of the chief figures of Mesopotamian mythology, is considered as Pan-Mesopotamian and has long been the chief god of Mesopotamia. The temple named E'kur was found in Nippur, and Nippur was the religious capital of Mesopotamia for a long time.
Enki, god of water and earth, Pan-Mesopotamian. His temple, E'abzu, was found in Eridu.
Ki or Ninhursag was the goddess of the world. Eridu also had E'saggila temple. It is of Sumerian origin.
Asur is the chief god of Asur. Ashur, a kind of air god, was also of Asurian origin, his temple was found in the city of Asshur.
Ninlil, Sumerian creative goddess. The E'kur temple in Nippur.
Inanna, the goddess of Sumerian love and war. Temple of E'anna in Uruk.
Marduk, chief god of Babylon. E'saggila temple in Babylon.
Nanna (Sumer) or Sin (Babylon), the moon god, E'hursag temple, Ur.
Utu (Sumer) or Shamash (Babylon), the sun god, E'barbara temple, Sippar.
Ninurta is a god who was of Sumerian origin and was Pan-Mesopotamian. Although the god of Nippur, LagaƟ was one of the cult centers.

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