Bourgeois socialism or conservative socialism is the political term commonly used by the theoretical founders of communism Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (especially in his Communist Manifesto). In the Marxist view, bourgeois socialism is the basis for the existing bourgeois class relations in the present states. According to this, the bourgeois socialists inherit the existing class relations in the capitalist countries and protect the bourgeois class which is the ruling class with the system. Nevertheless, they reject the class struggle and try not to eliminate the existing social classes, but rather to provide the capital accumulation of the bourgeoisie. In his work The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels describe them as priests and "reformers" using philanthropic activities. Marx quoted an anarchist thinker Proudhon's work on the philosophy of Poverty, in which he expressed his views on the subject.

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