Ceramic materials are inorganic non-metallic materials derived from metal and non-metallic components. Ceramic materials may be crystalline or partially crystalline. These materials are shaped by heating and cooling processes. [1] Clay is one of the first materials used to convert ceramic into products. But nowadays, many different ceramic materials are used in industrial and structural product applications. Ceramic materials are resistant, hard, brittle, chemically inert (resistant to corrosion), although they tend to behave in an insulating way in terms of electrical and thermal properties. For example, isalator ceramics are used as insulators in electric poles, while some ceramic components show superconductive behavior.

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