Simya

Alchemy or alchemy; (It comes from the word "al-Kimiya" in Arabic, "alchemy" in English). It is a term that refers to both the primitive exploration of nature and an early discipline of spiritual philosophy. Alchemy; chemistry, metallurgy, physics, medicine, astrology, semiotics, mysticism, spiritualism and art. Alchemy has been known for at least 2500 years. Alchemy was first engaged in Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Iran, India and China. In the Classical Greek period, interest in alchemy was observed in Greece, in the geography of the Roman Empire, in important Islamic capitals, and then in Europe until the 19th century. Western alchemy has always been closely linked to Hermetism, a philosophical-spiritual system whose roots date back to the famous alchemist Hermes Trismegistus. These two disciplines (alchemy and hermetism) have been instrumental in the birth of the Gul-crusaders, an important esoteric school of the 17th century. In early modern times, alchemy began to turn into chemistry, while the mystical and hermetic branches of alchemy began to become the focal point of modern spiritual alchemy. Today, alchemy is an area of ​​interest for historians of science and philosophers for their mystical, esoteric and artistic aspects. Alchemy is one of the disciplines of modern science, and many substances and processes used in today's chemical and metallurgical industries are the discovery of ancient alchemists. Although alchemy has many aspects, in today's popular culture (due to the influence of alchemy / alchemist imagery in cinema and literature), the process of turning mines into gold comes to mind.
The general view of the alchemists is that they are pseudo-scientist, or even a freak or charlatan. The reason for this is that the alchemists try to turn the bullet into gold, believing that the universe consists of four elements (earth, air, water and fire) and that they spend most of their time preparing miracle drugs, poisons and magic potions. Some alchemists are really freaks or charlatans, but most are intellectual academics and important scientists. For example, Newton and Robert Boyle are known to be alchemists. Such innovative people have attempted to investigate the nature and functioning of chemical substances. Such alchemists had to rely on experiment, traditional knowledge and techniques, general-empirical principles, and theoretical ideas as they attempted to discover the secrets of the physical universe. At the same time, alchemists recognize that in chemical processes, "something" is retained, even in the case of physical changes in appearance and appearance. It relates to the fact that these "something" or "core" substances have some basic principles, that the principles can be hidden in many external views, and that these principles can be elucidated as a result of appropriate procedures.

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