Liberalism is the political movement that advocates the idea of negative freedom as the guiding norm . Libertarians seek to maximize autonomy and freedom of choice; it emphasizes political freedom, voluntary cooperation and individual decision priority . The popular use of the concept is to minimize the state. The advocates of free-market capitalism and minimal state through the widespread use of English, almost encyclopedic use of a series of political ideology expressing libertarian word of French libertaire 'is the English adaptation. Later, however, this adaptation in English was again adapted to French and became Libertarien . The French libertaire word used nowadays synonymous with anarchism, adapted from the English Libertarian if the concepts used to describe ideological groups that support free-market capitalism. Both terms libertarian and libertarian to Turkishadapted as. In particular, it is seen by the anarchists that the term libertarian is used in French. But sometimes the term ın libertarian d is used as an abbreviation for libertarian. Classical liberalism of the modern which can be defined as a limited derivative libertarianism, liberalism due to changes in meaning, which he had in the twentieth century 'left' in the United States to advocate ideas of "liberal" since the commencement called classical liberal tradition of followers with themselves and their thoughts' for the purpose of separating the liberals appeared with the use of the libertarian words interest. This revival results in the spread of free market libertarianism outside of North America through think tanks and political parties. Libertarian movement Murray Rothbard was influenced by 19th century American individualist anarchists' work, which was shaped by the influence of classical liberal ideas. In the 19th century, individualists had a labor theory of value, but Rothbard did not accept the labor theory of value as a student of neoclassical power. Rothbard tried to combine the private defense and free market, which was defended by 19th-century American individualists, with the principles of the Austrian School of Economics. In 1971, the New York Times wrote that the 17th century philosopher Baruch Spinoza heralded modern libertarianism. The authors noted that modern libertarianism is partly a continuation of 18th and 19th century liberalism. In the 1950s, the author developed a philosophical system called Ayn Lens on behalf of Ayn Rand . His novels The Source of Life and Atlas Silkindi , in which he expressed his ideas , and other works influenced many libertarians. However, Rand rejected the libertarian label and harshly condemned the libertarian movement, which he described as lad right-wing hippies Bun. During the Vietnam War in the 1960s, libertarians, anarchists and conservatives were split. During this period, young people in the US were forced to enter the army. The libertarians opposed to the war and joined the peace movements and began to publish their own publications, such as the Liberatorial Forum of Rothbard . In the 1960s , organizations such as the Radical Libertarian Alliance and Individual Freedom Association were established. In 1971, he founded the Libertarian Party, led by a small American group David Nolan. Over the years, dozens of libertarian political parties that have supported capitalism emerged worldwide. Modern libertarianism has been academically recognized by Harvard University professor Robert Nozick 's book Anarchy, the State and Utopia . Rawls's book The Anarchy, the State and the Utopia, which he wrote to criticize the theory of justice , has become one of the most important books of modern libertarianism. In this book, Nozick argues that the role of the state is limited to protecting citizens from violence and theft and ensuring that social contracts are respected. Anarchy, the State and Utopia won the National Book Award in 1975. distinctions minarchism The popular use of libertarianism is equivalent to minarism. Modern libertarianism strongly defends the idea of ​​minimal state limited by the protection of individual freedoms; supporting free trade and free market economy; It is a 21st century political philosophy that is partly the continuation of classical liberal ideas of the 18th and 19th centuries. This modern libertarianism is academically recognized by Harvard University professor Robert Nozick 's book Anarchy, the State and Utopia . Rawls's book The Anarchy, the State and the Utopia, which he wrote to criticize the theory of justice , has become one of the most important books of modern libertarianism. In this book, Nozick argues that the role of the state is limited to protecting citizens from violence and theft and ensuring that social contracts are respected. Anarcho-capitalism But-gi is an ancient Sumerian cuneiform word. The word maktad freedom / independence lık is believed to be the first human letter to express this concept. For this reason, it is sometimes used as a symbol by anarcho-capitalists . Anarcho capitalism (also expressed by private property anarchism or free market anarchism) is political thought based on the right to private property, the rejection of power intervention and the defense of the free market based on competition as the basic mechanism of social interaction. Anarcho capitalism sees private property as legitimate in the following circumstances: if it is a product of labor, as a result of trade activity or as a gift. According to the anarcha capitalist society; workings of the free market, social institutions, law enforcement, security and infrastructure, the state instead of for-profit companies are competitive, it helps organize the troops based on voluntary associations or predictable. Anarcho capitalism is shaped by the ideas of market thinkers such as Gustave de Molinari, Frederic Bastiat and Robert Nozick , together with American individualists Tucker and Spooner. One kind of individualist is characterized as anarchism . But unlike individualist anarchism that is tied by Tucker and Spooner, anarcho capitalism rejects the labor theory of value and its normative practices. Anarcho capitalist ideas have contributed to the development of agorism and market-based libertarian left philosophies. Anarcho capitalism has been advocated on the basis of both natural rights and utilitarian . Rothbard differentiates free market capitalism from reconciliation based on state capitalism, which he defines as a union between government and large corporations, using oppressive methods to destroy it. In this context, Rothbard described capitalism as the most competent form of anarchism and likewise anarchism as the most competent form of capitalism.

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