Royal African Company ( in English "Royal African Company"), Africa 's western coast to do business in the House of Stuart was founded by a commercial company and Londoners traders. II. Charles ' brother was led by James the Duke of York . The company's main target was the gold fields above the Gambia River , which was discovered by Prince Rupert during the Fetret period . In addition to the main purpose, the company also engaged in the trade of goods and slaves. Initially the Royal African Adventurers Trading Company ( Company of Royal Adventurers Trading to Africa ), known as the company, in 1660 issued a charter to West Africa trade between Britain monopoly was given privilege. With the help of the British army and navy, the company established a fortress on the West African coast. The profit was halved between the company and the king. The company fell into a difficult situation in the war with the Netherlands in 1667 . After Admiral Robert Holmes attacked Dutch merchant ships in Africa in 1664, the company found itself in war. Cape Corse has lost most of its castles on the African coast. The next few years, the company only employees continued some irregular trading activities including giving licenses to private traders, starting from January 1, 1669, Gambia Adventurers also called the merchant to the Bight of Benin 'decade for the north to trade periodicals were given licenses. In 1672, the company was restructured with a new regulation and re-emerged as the "New Royal African Company". The new regulation gave the company broader powers than ever before, including the right to establish a strict governance of the castle, the factory and its own army to carry out gold, silver and slave trade in West Africa . At the end of 1678, the company was merged with the Gambia Trading Company after the expiration of the license period for the Gambian adventurers . The company carried about 5,000 slaves a year in the 1680s. The breasts had the "RAC" stamp on the breasts of the company. Between 1672 and 1689 about 90-100 thousand slaves moved. This meant a huge increase in the financial strength of those controlling the company from London. 1694 until 1700, the company Eguafo Kingdom 's (now Ghana ) port Komenda 'also realized Komenda War 's was the largest participant. The company joined a rich merchant named John Cabess and several neighboring African realms to dethrone the king of Eguafo and set up a factory with a permanent castle in Komenda . When the 1688 lost its royal power as a result of the British revolution , the company lost its monopoly rights in 1689. This was an advantage for Edward Colston and other British traders dealing with distant maritime trade . For this reason, the number of slaves carried by the British ships increased dramatically. Company, ivory and gold started to be preferred to purchase slaves slaves of dust until 1731, and continued to move, and kronolojist mathematician Charles Hayes (1678-1760), he directed the company until 1752, the company dispersed. Company dissipated replaced by African Company of Merchants (African Company of Merchants) took. The Royal African Company logo depicts an elephant and a castle. From 1668 to 1722, Royal African Company provided gold to the British Mint . The coins made with this gold include an elephant and a castle under the bust of a king or queen. This gold coins to "guinea" (the guinea) is named.

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